is html a programming language

Is HTML a Programming Language? Know in this Article

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is a standard markup language for documents designed to be shown/displayed in a web browser. It can also be assisted and supported by various technologies such as Cascading Style Sheets, in short, known as CSS and JavaScript which is a scripting language.

HTML elements act as building blocks of HTML pages.  HTML helps to construct images and other objects and many interactive forms that may be embedded into the rendered pages.

HTML can embedded programs written in a scripting language such as JavaScript, which drastically affects the behaviour and content of web pages.

HTML markup consists of many key components, including those called, character references and entity references. HTML tags commonly used and come in pairs such as <h1> and </h1>.

Although some are simply empty elements and so are unpaired, for example <img>.

Another type of important component is the HTML document type declaration, which triggers standards mode rendering.

The latest version is HTML 5.

Some Details About HTML

  • HTML was developed by WHATWG in 1993.
  • The latest release is of living standard.
  • It’s format type is DOCUMENT FILE FORMAT.
  • The filename extension is – .htm or .html
  • The internet media type is text/html .
  • It is the container for HTML elements.
  • It is basically contained by Web Browser.
  • is extended from SGML and extended to XHTML .
  • Html is always open for format.
  • It’s official website is –


   <!DOCTYPE html>



    <title>Page Title</title>



     <h1>My First Heading</h1>

   <p>My first paragraph.</p>



What is an HTML Element?

An HTML element is described or defined by a start tag, some content, and an end tag.

      <tagname>Content goes here….


The HTML element is everything from the start/beginning tag to the end tag :

    <h1>My First Heading</h1>

    <p>My First Paragraph.</p>

Web Browsers

The purpose and motive of a web browser like Chrome, Edge , Firefox, Safari etc. is to read HTML documents and display them correctly.

HTML Documents

All HTML documents must and compulsorily should start with the document type declaration : <!DOCTYPE html>.

The HTML document itself begins/tarts with <html> and ends with </html>

The visible or the past seen of the HTML document is between <body> and </body>.

HTML Headings

The heading in Html is varied. The heading varies from <h1> to <h6> .

<h1> defines the most important and crucial heading.

<h6> defines the least important heading.

Is HTML a Programming Language?

This is a common question worldwide whether it is HTML even a programming language or not.

Well many say that it is not a programming language but only a functional language..

It is a type of markup language which encapsulates, or “marks up” data within HTML tags, which define the data and describe its motive or purpose on the webpage.

Many say that programming languages have functional purposes in it. HTML, as a markup language doesn’t really do anything in the sense that  a programming language does and so HTML does not contain any programming logic.

The Reasons are

  • It does not have common conditional statements such as if or else.
  • It can not evaluate expressions or do any type of math.
  • One can not declare variables and the user can also not write functions.
  • The data can’t be modified or manipulated in any way or type.
  • HTML can’t take any type of output or input.

Still with pure HTML knowledge one can still be a coder. The lines are written in code (markup not programming) language.

So even if the user might not want to put HTML on the “programming languages” part of their resume but can and should definitely have it under, “ SKILLS”, or simply a “language” .

Also technically many consider HTML as a programming language. Whether or not HTML is a real language is a matter of semantics, and not terribly important for many to discuss.

However it should be noted that HTML and CSS are totally different from each other.

The main and major reason why it is important to know the distinction is because many people begin their coding journey with HTML and CSS and while that’s a fine place to start, it becomes very important not to jump into a new career based on one’s experience with those languages alone.

Knowledge of web page structure is a very very valuable asset for anyone to have not only for those in the IT field but for any other fields as well.

HTML is a core and main tenet of front end web development and is obviously a major aspect of what the user winds up seeing on their computer or laptop screens.

Also with the emergence of HTML 5, the capabilities of HTML and also its opportunities to define and structure web pages data have reached new heights.